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CRT in School Districts | Californians for Equal Rights Foundation

DEI, CRT and Ethnic Studies in School Districts

Empirical Data on Diversity, Equity and Inclusion and Critical Race Theory

Project Description

The chart below presents school-district-level data related to the implementation or prohibition of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) and critical race theory (CRT). Each school district is rated on a scale of zero to five, with zero meaning all-encompassing promotion of DEI and CRT and five signaling the district’s nonparticipation in DEI and its prohibition of CRT.
98 school districts listed
School DistrictCountyRatingCRT BanDEI PolicyPaid DEI TrainingDEI DepartmentCRT-Based Ethnic Studies

ABC Unified

Los Angeles
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Alameda Unified

Alameda
1/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Alpine Union Elementary

San Diego
2/5
NoNoYesNoYes

Anaheim Elementary

Orange
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Anaheim Union High

Orange
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Antellope Valley Union

Los Angeles
2/5
NoYesNoYesNo

Bakersfield City School

Kern
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Bonsall Unified

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Borrego Springs Unified

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Cajon Valley Union

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Capistrano Unified

Orange
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Cardiff Elementary

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Carlsbad Unified

San Diego
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Chaffey Joint Union Unified

San Bernadino
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Chino Valley Unified

San Bernadino
2/5
NoYesNoYesNo

Chula Vista Elementary

San Diego
1/5
NoYesYesYesNo

Clovis Unified

Fresno
2/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Colton Joint Unified

San Bernadino
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Coronado Unified

San Diego
1/5
NoYesYesYesNo

Corona-Norco Unified

Riverside
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Dehesa Elementary

San Diego
3/5
NoYesNoNoNo

Del Mar Union Elementary

San Diego
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Desert Sands Unified

Riverside
1/5
NoNoYesYesYes

Downey Unified

Los Angeles
3/5
NoNoNoNoYes

East Side Union

Santa Clara
2/5
NoYesNoYesNo

Elk Grove Unified

Sacramento
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Encinitas Union Elementary

San Diego
1/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Escondido Union

San Diego
3/5
NoYesNoNoNo

Escondido Union High

San Diego
3/5
NoYesNoNoNo

Fairfield-Suisun Unified

Solano
1/5
NoYesYesNoYes

Fallbrook Union

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Fallbrook Union High

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Fontana Unified

San Bernadino
0/5
NoNoYesNoYes

Fremont Unified

Alameda
1/5
NoYesNoYesYes

Fresno Unified

Fresno
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Garden Grove Unified

Orange
3/5
NoNoNoNoYes

Glendale Unified

Los Angeles
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Grossmont Union High

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Hemet Unified

Riverside
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Hesperia Unified

San Bernadino
2/5
NoYesNoNoYes

Irvine Unified

Orange
2/5
NoYesNoNoYes

Jamul-Dulzura Union Elementary

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Julian Union Elementary

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Julian Union High

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Kern High School District

Kern
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Lakeside Union Elementary

San Diego
2/5
NoYesYesYesNo

La Mesa-Spring Valley

San Diego
3/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Lemon Grove

San Diego
2/5
NoNoYesYesNo

Lodi Unified

San Joaquin
2/5
NoYesNoNoYes

Los Angeles Unified

Los Angeles
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Manteca Unified

San Joaquin
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Montebello Unified

Los Angeles
3/5
NoNoNoNoYes

Moreno Valley Unified

Riverside
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Mountain Empire Unified

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Mt. Diablo Unified

Contra Costa
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Murrieta Valley Unified

Riverside
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

National Elementary

San Diego
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Oakland Unified

Alameda
1/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Oceanside Unified

San Diego
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Orange Unified

Orange
1/5
NoYesYesYesNo

Palm Springs Unified

Riverside
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Paso Robles Joint Unified

San Luis Obispo
5/5
YesNoNoNoNo

Placentia Yorba Linda Unified

Orange
4/5
YesYesNoNoNo

Pomona Unified

Los Angeles
0/5
NoYesNoYesYes

Poway Unified

San Diego
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Ramona City Unified

San Diego
5/5
YesNoNoNoNo

Rancho Santa Fe Elementary

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Rialto Unified

San Bernadino
2/5
NoNoYesYesNo

Riverside Unified

Riverside
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Sacramento City Unified

Sacramento
2/5
NoNoYesNoYes

Saddleback Valley Unified

Orange
1/5
NoNoYesYesNo

San Bernardino City Unified

San Bernadino
1/5
NoYesYesYesNo

San Diego Unified

San Diego
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

San Dieguito Union High

San Diego
1/5
NoYesYesYesNo

San Jose Unified

Santa Clara
2/5
NoYesNoNoYes

San Juan Unified

Sacramento
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

San Marcos Unified

San Diego
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

San Pasqual Union Elementary

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

San Ramon Valley Unified

Contra Costa
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Santa Ana Unified

Orange
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Santa Babara Unified

Santa Barbara
0/5
NoYesYesNoYes

Santee

San Diego
3/5
NoYesNoNoNo

San Ysidro Elementary

San Diego
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Solana Beach Elementary

San Diego
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

South Bay Union

San Diego
1/5
NoYesYesNoYes

Spencer Valley Elementary

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Stockton Unified

San Joaquin
1/5
NoNoYesYesYes

Sweetwater Union High

San Diego
1/5
NoYesYesYesNo

Temecula Valley Unified

Riverside
3/5
NoYesNoNoNo

Torrance Unified

Los Angeles
2/5
NoYesYesNoNo

Tustin Unified

Orange
3/5
NoNoNoYesNo

Twin Rivers Unified

Sacramento
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Vallecitos Elementary

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

Valley Center-Pauma Unified

San Diego
3/5
NoNoYesNoNo

Vista Unified

San Diego
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

Warner Unified

San Diego
4/5
NoNoNoNoNo

West Contra Costa Unified

Contra Costa
0/5
NoYesYesYesYes

William S. Hart Union

Los Angeles
1/5
NoYesYesYesNo

This empirical research project takes on the topics of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) and ethnic studies, not as separate concepts independent of each other, but as intricately interrelated constructs rooted in critical pedagogy or CRT.

DEI is an amorphous, pleasant code-name of CRT. In theory, "Diversity is where everyone is invited to the party; Equity means that everyone gets to contribute to the playlist; Inclusion means that everyone has the opportunity to dance." Similarly, equity should mean everyone gets what they need. But in practice, DEI and racial equity often translate into race-based treatment, proportionality and equal outcome. Counter to the very principles of equal opportunity and equal protection, real-life applications of DEI and equity have been thoroughly and profoundly hijacked by CRT, to the extent that these terms become perfect crystallizations of the race-based doctrine. Anti-racism guru Dr. Ibram X. Kendi argues for antiracist discrimination to create equity. Critical race theorists in public health make this association that "Critical race theory is an emerging transdisciplinary, race-equity methodology." DEI is defined as "part of a growing sociopolitical movement that is introducing contentious transformative changes based on fringe social theory to our institutions and throughout our culture, and enacting policies with almost no resistance or checks." Core tenets of a typical DEI program can be described by CRT and a baseline assumption that institutions are oppressive and much of society is inherently prejudice, forcing the pursuit of social justice to be the priority of organizations.

In a California context with growing national ramifications, promoting ethnic studies has become a sweeping movement that ushers in various CRT elements through focuses on power and privilege, forms of oppression, intersectionality, hegemony and other pedagogical tools. In short, ethnic studies is the paradigmatic vehicle for CRT. On March 18, 2021, the State Board of Education adopted its final Ethnic Studies Model Curriculum (ESMC). This final version is still firmly rooted in the divisive ideology of CRT, with "critique empire-building in history and its relationship to white supremacy, racism and other forms of power and oppression." Alarmingly, a more radical and CRT-oriented version of ethnic studies, marketed by "the Liberated Ethnic Studies Model Curriculum Institute" (LESMCI, formerly known as the Liberated Ethnic Studies Model Curriculum Coalition) has been adopted by a number of school districts, including several in San Diego County. LESMCI promotes the first version of ESMC, which was formerly rejected by the state and Governor Gavin Newsom. LESMCI categorizes CRT as a useful theoretical lens applied by ethnic studies scholars to center "the counter narratives of marginalized communities."

Five broad categories are evaluated:

  • Whether or not the school district has a policy banning or discouraging the teaching of CRT: 1 means yes and 0 means no.
  • Whether or not the school district has a policy promoting DEI or its equivalents such as racial equity: 1 means no and 0 means yes.
  • Whether or not the school district has committed local funding to advancing DEI or its equivalents: 1 means no and 0 means yes.
  • Whether or not the school district has hired personnel to conduct the DEI policy or its equivalents: 1 means no and 0 means yes.
  • Whether or not the school district provides one or more ethnic studies courses: 1 means no and 0 means yes.

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